If Congress votes to disapprove President Trump's declaration of a national emergency, Trump is prepared to veto it, White House senior adviser Stephen Miller said on Sunday.
The president declared a national emergency at the U.S.-Mexico border on Friday to secure up to $8 billion in funding for a barrier on the southern border — more than four times what Congress approved. House Democrats have called Trump's declaration "unlawful," and are considering a joint resolution disapproving of the declaration. Miller's comments during a Fox News interview made it clear the president is unlikely to back down.
"If they pass a resolution of disapproval, will the president veto that, which would be the first veto of his presidency?" Fox News host Chris Wallace asked.
"Well, obviously, the president is going to protect his national emergency declaration," Miller responded.
"So, yes, he would veto?" Wallace pressed.
"He's going to protect his national emergency declaration, guaranteed," Miller said.
A resolution of disapproval would let Congress overturn Trump's declaration and would likely pass in the Democratically controlled House of Representatives. But it would face uncertainty in the Senate, where multiple Republican lawmakers would have to join with Democrats in the minority. Illinois Sen. Tammy Duckworth told ABC's This Week that she believes the Senate has enough votes for such a resolution.
"I think we do," she said. "Now, whether we have enough for an override and veto, that's a different story. But frankly, I think there's enough people in the Senate who are concerned that what he's doing is robbing from the military and the [Department of Defense] to go build this wall."
If Trump vetoes the resolution, Congress would need a two-thirds majority in both houses to override — unlikely, given the current political makeup of the chambers. If Congress were unable to override a Trump veto, Duckworth said the House should sue based on the argument that only Congress has the power to appropriate funds.
Trump may have hurt his own case when he said during his announcement Friday: "I could do the wall over a longer period of time. I didn't need to do this. But I'd rather do it much faster." As NPR national political correspondent Mara Liasson explained on Weekend Edition Sunday, Trump "really undercut himself in that speech in the Rose Garden" when he said the emergency wasn't needed. "In other words, he's doing this for expedience, not necessity."
Presidents have invoked emergency powers for decades, but this is the first time one has used an emergency to secure funding for a project that Congress has explicitly declined to fund, The New York Times reports.